Wednesday, October 14, 2009

Sangiran Prehistoric Moseum


SANGIRAN
Sragen is one of regencies in Central Java province which borders directly with the East Java Province. Thus, Sragen Regency is the gateway into Central Java from the east. Sragen Regency is also often referred to as "area of Sukowati" which has an area of 941.55 KM 2, with the topography as follows: in the middle flow region Solo River which is the longest river in Java; area south part of the slopes of Mount Lawu; the northern part of Kendeng Mountains and the west is a very popular area with the title "Sangiran Dome".

Located in the village Krikilan, Kec. Kalijambe (+ 40 km from Sragen or + 17 km from Solo) Sangiran Dome save tens of thousands of fossils from the job pleistocen (+ 2 million years ago). Ancient fossils is a 65% early hominid fossils in Indonesia and 50% in the whole world. Until now has been found more than 13,685 fossils in 2931 Fossil Museum, the rest is stored in the warehouse.
As the World Heritage List (The World Cultural Heritage). The museum has facilities including: exhibition space (the human fossils, ancient animals), laboratory, warehouse fossil, the slides and souvenir stalls Sangiran typical.

Sangiran privilege, according to a study geology experts in ancient times was an expanse of ocean. As a result of geological processes and effects of natural disasters Lawu eruption of Mount Merapi and Mount Merbabu, Sangiran becomes Mainland. This is evidenced by the layers of soil-forming regions are very different Sangiran with a layer of soil in other places. Each soil layer was found in the fossils by type and era. For example, fossil animals found in the sea many very bottom layer of soil, once the ocean.
"Sangiran Dome" or Sangiran area that has an area along the stretch from the north-south along the 9 km. East-West along the 7 km. Sign in four districts, or approximately 59.3 km2. Fossil findings in the "Sangiran Dome" in the collected and stored in the Museum Sangiran. The findings in the Sangiran fossils for Ancient Hominid species (thought to be the origin of human evolution) is 50 (Fifty) Type / Individual. For fossils found in the Sangiran area is 50% of the fossil discoveries in the world and is 65% of the findings in Indonesia. Hence by the 20th Session of the World Cultural Heritage Commission in Marida City, Mexico on December 5, 1996, Sangiran Defined as one of the main World Cultural Heritage "World Haritage List" Number: 593.

Sangiran Museum Collection
1.
Human fossils, such as Australopithecus africanus, Pithecanthropus mojokertensis (Pithecantropus robustus), Meganthropus palaeojavanicus, Pithecanthropus erectus, Homo soloensis, Homo Neanderthal Europe, Asia Homo Neanderthal and Homo sapiens.

2.
Vertebrate fossils, among other namadicus Elephas (elephant), Stegodon trigonocephalus (elephant), Mastodon sp (elephant), palaeokarabau Bubalus (buffalo), Felis palaeojavanica (tiger), Sus sp (pig), Rhinocerus sondaicus (Rhino), Bovidae (cow, bull), and Cervus sp (deer and sheep).

3.
Water animal fossils, among others Crocodillus sp (crocodile), fish and crabs, shark teeth, sp Hippopotamus (hippopotamus), molluscs (Pelecypoda and Gastropoda class), Chelonia sp (a turtle), and foraminifera.


4.
Rocks, such as meteorite / Taktit, Kalesdon, Diatome, Agate, amethyst

5.
Stone tools, such as flakes and blades, and drill drawstring, square axes, stones and axes ball perimbas-penetak.
View Tower

To improve services to the tourists, the area has been built Sangiran View Tower and House Sangiran. The tourists can enjoy the beauty and panoramic keasrian surrounding area from a height through the Sangiran View Tower. In addition, to meet the needs of the tourists will place a comfortable inn in the area have been built Wisma Sangiran (Sangiran Guest House) located on the Sangiran View Tower. Homestead is in the form joglo Sangiran (Central Java traditional house) with ornaments Javanese pavilion equipped with a lobby. The existence of Wisma Sangiran really support the activities carried out by the visitors or tourists, especially for those who do research (research) about the existence of fossils in the Sangiran area. Wisma Sangiran has facilities adequate, among others: Deluxe Room, as many as two rooms equipped with double beds, bath tub and shower, washtafe l, dresser and shelves; Standard Room, three rooms are equipped with double beds, bath, washtafel, and dressers; Family room equipped with dining table and chairs and kitchen set; Pendopo (Lobby) equipped with tables and chairs; and parking lots. In addition to these facilities, also provided a car (mini-train) to facilitate the mobility of tourists visiting the Sangiran area.

HOW TO ACHIEVE SANGIRAN

By plane

From Airport Adisumarmo (Solo), take the land route to the Museum Sangiran.

Jalan Darat

• From Solo> Kalijambe> Sangiran (± 20 km to the north)

• From Semarang> Purwodadi> â Kalijambe Sangiran

• From Surabaya> Sragen> â Kalijambe Sangiran

• From Yogyakarta> Solo> â Kalijambe Sangiran

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