Wednesday, October 14, 2009

Sangiran Prehistoric Moseum

Sragen is one of regencies in Central Java province which borders directly with the East Java Province. Thus, Sragen Regency is the gateway into Central Java from the east. Sragen Regency is also often referred to as "area of Sukowati" which has an area of 941.55 KM 2, with the topography as follows: in the middle flow region Solo River which is the longest river in Java; area south part of the slopes of Mount Lawu; the northern part of Kendeng Mountains and the west is a very popular area with the title "Sangiran Dome".

Located in the village Krikilan, Kec. Kalijambe (+ 40 km from Sragen or + 17 km from Solo) Sangiran Dome save tens of thousands of fossils from the job pleistocen (+ 2 million years ago). Ancient fossils is a 65% early hominid fossils in Indonesia and 50% in the whole world. Until now has been found more than 13,685 fossils in 2931 Fossil Museum, the rest is stored in the warehouse.
As the World Heritage List (The World Cultural Heritage). The museum has facilities including: exhibition space (the human fossils, ancient animals), laboratory, warehouse fossil, the slides and souvenir stalls Sangiran typical.

Sangiran privilege, according to a study geology experts in ancient times was an expanse of ocean. As a result of geological processes and effects of natural disasters Lawu eruption of Mount Merapi and Mount Merbabu, Sangiran becomes Mainland. This is evidenced by the layers of soil-forming regions are very different Sangiran with a layer of soil in other places. Each soil layer was found in the fossils by type and era. For example, fossil animals found in the sea many very bottom layer of soil, once the ocean.
"Sangiran Dome" or Sangiran area that has an area along the stretch from the north-south along the 9 km. East-West along the 7 km. Sign in four districts, or approximately 59.3 km2. Fossil findings in the "Sangiran Dome" in the collected and stored in the Museum Sangiran. The findings in the Sangiran fossils for Ancient Hominid species (thought to be the origin of human evolution) is 50 (Fifty) Type / Individual. For fossils found in the Sangiran area is 50% of the fossil discoveries in the world and is 65% of the findings in Indonesia. Hence by the 20th Session of the World Cultural Heritage Commission in Marida City, Mexico on December 5, 1996, Sangiran Defined as one of the main World Cultural Heritage "World Haritage List" Number: 593.

Sangiran Museum Collection
Human fossils, such as Australopithecus africanus, Pithecanthropus mojokertensis (Pithecantropus robustus), Meganthropus palaeojavanicus, Pithecanthropus erectus, Homo soloensis, Homo Neanderthal Europe, Asia Homo Neanderthal and Homo sapiens.

Vertebrate fossils, among other namadicus Elephas (elephant), Stegodon trigonocephalus (elephant), Mastodon sp (elephant), palaeokarabau Bubalus (buffalo), Felis palaeojavanica (tiger), Sus sp (pig), Rhinocerus sondaicus (Rhino), Bovidae (cow, bull), and Cervus sp (deer and sheep).

Water animal fossils, among others Crocodillus sp (crocodile), fish and crabs, shark teeth, sp Hippopotamus (hippopotamus), molluscs (Pelecypoda and Gastropoda class), Chelonia sp (a turtle), and foraminifera.

Rocks, such as meteorite / Taktit, Kalesdon, Diatome, Agate, amethyst

Stone tools, such as flakes and blades, and drill drawstring, square axes, stones and axes ball perimbas-penetak.
View Tower

To improve services to the tourists, the area has been built Sangiran View Tower and House Sangiran. The tourists can enjoy the beauty and panoramic keasrian surrounding area from a height through the Sangiran View Tower. In addition, to meet the needs of the tourists will place a comfortable inn in the area have been built Wisma Sangiran (Sangiran Guest House) located on the Sangiran View Tower. Homestead is in the form joglo Sangiran (Central Java traditional house) with ornaments Javanese pavilion equipped with a lobby. The existence of Wisma Sangiran really support the activities carried out by the visitors or tourists, especially for those who do research (research) about the existence of fossils in the Sangiran area. Wisma Sangiran has facilities adequate, among others: Deluxe Room, as many as two rooms equipped with double beds, bath tub and shower, washtafe l, dresser and shelves; Standard Room, three rooms are equipped with double beds, bath, washtafel, and dressers; Family room equipped with dining table and chairs and kitchen set; Pendopo (Lobby) equipped with tables and chairs; and parking lots. In addition to these facilities, also provided a car (mini-train) to facilitate the mobility of tourists visiting the Sangiran area.


By plane

From Airport Adisumarmo (Solo), take the land route to the Museum Sangiran.

Jalan Darat

• From Solo> Kalijambe> Sangiran (± 20 km to the north)

• From Semarang> Purwodadi> â Kalijambe Sangiran

• From Surabaya> Sragen> â Kalijambe Sangiran

• From Yogyakarta> Solo> â Kalijambe Sangiran
READ MORE - Sangiran Prehistoric Moseum

Saturday, October 10, 2009

Palabuhan Ratu beach

Palabuhan Ratu beach, or who mistakenly more popular as the Pelabuhan Ratu Beach, is a coastal resort in the southern Indian Ocean in West Java. Its location is situated approximately 60 km to the south of the city of Sukabumi.

This beach is known to have a very strong waves and therefore dangerous for swimmers beach. The topography of the combination of a steep beach and sloping, steep cliffs, surf waves, and forest nature reserve.

Because this place has their own appeal, President retreat founded in 1960 in Tenjo official. In addition, the initiative also Sukarno founded Ocean Beach Hotel, one of the first luxury hotel built in Indonesia at the same time with the Hotel Indonesia, Bali Beach Hotel, and Convenience Stores "Sarinah", all of which use the funds from the Japanese booty .

In addition to major hotels and luxury Ocean Beach Hotel, in this area there are also a number of hotels and small inns, cottage resorts of the Gods is one of the luxury villas sold quite visited by tourists. Not how far from the beach Palabuhan ratu there are several other tourist sites. Karanghawu beach, which is located about 20 km from the city center Palabuhan ratu, a coastal reef jutting into the sea and the holes in some parts of it. Reefs form more like the stove, in Sundanese called "Hawu". Other beaches are located in this area include Cibareno Beach, Cimaja, Cibangban, Break Water, Citepus, Kebon Kelapa, and Tenjo official.

Approximately 17 km from the coast there Palabuhan ratu hot springs in Cisolok, the water contains a high sulfur and useful for health.

Palabuhan ratu around, there are at least nine points for surfing locations, namely in the Stone Guram, Karang Sari, Ocean Beach, Cimaja, Karang Haji, Indicator, Sunset Beach, Waves Edge Seven to Tile. Each beach has a wave with their own characteristics.

Community, especially the southern coast of Palabuhan ratu believe that the southern sea ruler Ratu Kidul. It is said that she was a beautiful queen like an angel. In the South Sea - another name from the Indian Ocean - the southern island of Java, he enthroned in a kingdom of great spirits and beautiful.

In the month of April are usually the people around Palabuhan ratu hold ritual ceremonies Fisherman's Day. Fishermen's Day is meant as a celebration of sustenance they have earned from the sea and to be kept away from disaster. Usually, the ceremony is provided offerings of buffalo head that would put out to sea.

Palabuhan ratu beach is also known as a place to lay their eggs and grow endangered turtles, and therefore one of the protected animals in the world. However, the turtle-turtle beach Palabuhan ratu still often rounded to eat meat while her body and her skin made souvenirs and eggs taken for public consumption.
READ MORE - Palabuhan Ratu beach

Karang Bolong Beach

Pantai Karang Bolong beach reef ... maybe for a moment we'll see how the physical form of the coastal reefs given the holes .. Once inside this beach visitors will find themselves why this beach is so called ..
This beach is the beach recreation area where there is a large rock which naturally hollow center with arc. one end of the rock on the beach while others facing the sea,. Karang Bolong Most likely this is because due to the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883. At the peak there cupola of this review and the forest as a place to rest while enjoying the sea view.

Karang Bolong beach is located 50 km from Serang town or 140 km from the city of Jakarta, about 11 km towards the south anyer or about 30 km north of Labuan On this beach there are rocks which stood a huge arc. One end of the rock on the beach while others protrude into the sea.

Karang Bolong beach, which lies on the edge of the road makes it easy for visitors to find this beach.

When you're busy, vehicles are required visitor parking lot outside the area which has been provided by the manager. Sand in Karang Bolong Beach is still relatively clean and white. the visitors are usually not empowered to not along the coast, and occasionally soak the feet in the cold seawater.

The icon is certainly the pride of beach rock that is very large in the middle of a hole because the water eroded over a long time. By the management of this beach, some parts of the rock given to the steps, visitors can climb the rock to the top. From the heights on the rock that the visitors can enjoy the sea view.

sea view from the rock struck and very attractive. Peace will once felt when he was on the rocks. Not to mention the gentle sea breeze which kept the hair on my face and so bring coolness.
the visitors can be flexible with the security aspects of management applied by this beach. for visitors who want to spend the night was not to worry, because it is available lodging. Many people who offer different types of food. so visitors do not need to fear the food problem ..
congratulations to enjoy this beach ..
READ MORE - Karang Bolong Beach

Anyer Beach

For those of you who feel the need to see a bit of entertainment with a beautiful beach scene, which probably lived in Jakarta, or regions outside Jakarta, is not wrong to choose the attractions in the coastal region anyer. Anyer beach, located 160 kilometers west of Jakarta. Sightseeing in the area of Banten, which can be gone for 2 hours from Jakarta via toll road Jakarta - Merak is, capable of providing an alternative choice for those who liked the beach tour. View of white sand stretching along the coast near Anyer area, plus a clean sea water, making the atmosphere the mind becomes calm and more relaxed.

Various recreational and sports facilities are complete enough water in this Anyer. Starting from the playground of children, where swimming, sunbathing arena until the tents for souvenir shopping is also available. So if for recreation keluargapun, seems also tepat.anyer1.jpg For the love surfing and playing Jetski was also available. To rent bodyboard we need to pay 5 thousand rupiah (unlimited), or 80 thousand dollars to rent Jetski (for 15 minutes).

If you want to stay, at Anyer beach is also available from the class lodging Motel (150 thousand / night) until the five-star class (2 million / night), which are situated on the edge of the beach. Especially for who want to enjoy Anyer beach at night, after enjoying the sunset on the beach, you can choose from a variety of seafood is available at the stalls along the road at Anyer beach. Of course, all the sea-scented dish majority.
READ MORE - Anyer Beach

Wednesday, October 7, 2009

Taman Safari Indonesia

Taman Safari Indonesia is a family resort is environmentally sound and wildlife habitat-oriented in nature.

This park is located in two locations. Indonesia Safari Park is located in the Village I Cibeureum Sub Cisarua, Bogor Regency. While Indonesia Safri Park II is located on the slopes of Mount Arjuna, PRIGEN, East Java.

Taman Safari Indonesia I was built in 1980 at a tea plantation which was not productive. The park is a buffer Gunung Gede National Park Pangrango. This park is situated at an altitude of 900-1800 m above sea level, and has an average temperature of 16 to 24 degrees Celsius.
Tiger in Taman Safari

This park has been designated as National Tourism Object by Soesilo Sudarman, Minister of Tourism Post and Telecommunication of the time. Furthermore, this park also has inaugurated a Rare Animal Breeding Center in Indonesia by Hasyrul Harahap, Minister of Forestry at the time, on March 16, 1990.

Safari Park has a collection of animals from almost all over the world and also the local wildlife, such as Komodo, Bison, Black Bear Honey, White Tiger, Elephant, Anoa and others.

Status of land ownership under the authority of the Safari Park Foundation is also the owner and manager of tourism destinations.
Performing Elephant Safari Park with a giant wheel background

Facility located at Taman Safari Indonesia is a bus safari, artificial lakes, water bikes, canoes, swimming pool with a wave slide, a miniature train through the African-style villages, bird park, babby zoo, Ferris wheel, helter elephant, saddle horses, comedy Swivel, circus performances, gocart area, children's play ground, car bomb bomb, devil's house, traditional arts and magic in the open stage
READ MORE - Taman Safari Indonesia

Sanur Beach

Sanur beach is a place famous tourist travel on the island of Bali. This place is located just east of Denpasar, the capital of Bali. Sanur was in Badung regency.

Sanur beach is the location primarily for surfing (surfing). Especially the waves of Sanur is famous among foreign tourists. Not far off Sanur Beach is also the location of diving and snorkeling tours. Therefore friendly conditions, this dive site can be used by the divers of all levels of expertise.

Sanur beach is also known as Sunrise beach (sunrise beach) as opposed to Kuta Beach.
READ MORE - Sanur Beach

Kuta Beach

Kuta beach is a tourist place located south of Denpasar, capital city of Bali, Indonesia. Kuta is located in Badung Regency. This area is a tourist destination abroad, and has become a mainstay tourist island of Bali since the early 70's. Kuta Beach is often referred to as sunset beach (sunset beach) as opposed to the Sanur beach.

In Kuta there are many shops, restaurants and washing and drying herself. Besides the beauty of the beach, Kuta beach also offers various other types of entertainment such as bars and restaurants along the coast to the Legian beach. Rosovivo, Ocean Beach Club, Kamasutra, are some of the most crowded clubs along Kuta Beach.

This beach also has a pretty good waves for surfing sports (surfing), especially for novice surfers. The air field I Gusti Ngurah Rai is situated not far from Kuta.
READ MORE - Kuta Beach

Gedong Songo Temple

Gedong Songo is the name of a complex of buildings of cultural heritage of Hindu temple located in the Village Temple, Ambarawa Sub-district, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia precisely in the slopes of Mount Ungaran. In this temple complex, there are nine temples.

This temple was found by Raffles in 1804 and is a relic from the era of Hindu culture Sailendra 9th century (927 years BC).

This temple has in common with the Dieng temple complex in Wonosobo. This temple is situated at an altitude of about 1,200 m above sea level so the air temperature is cold enough here (ranging between 19-27 ° C)

Location 9 temples scattered on the slopes of Mount Ungaran has beautiful natural scenery. In some locations there are also pine forests neatly and springs that contain sulfur.
[edit] Distance traveled

To adopt, the journey takes about 40 minutes from the City Ambarawa with rising street, and the slope is very sharp (on average reaches 40 degrees). Location of the temple can also be taken within 10 minutes of Bandungan attractions. Here's a list of mileage to this temple.

* Gedong Songo - Ungaran: 25 km
* Gedong Songo - Ambarawa: 15 km
* Gedong Songo - Semarang: 45 km
READ MORE - Gedong Songo Temple


Candi Rara Jonggrang or Lara Jonggrang located in Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia. This temple is located on the island of Java, approximately 20 km east of Yogyakarta, 40 km west of Surakarta and 120 km south of Semarang, just on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta Special Region. Candi Rara Jonggrang Prambanan is located in the village whose territory is divided between the districts of Sleman and Klaten.

This temple was built in about the year 850 AD by one of these two, namely: Rakai Pikatan, the second king of Mataram dynasty is I or Balitung Sambu, during the Sanjaya dynasty. Not long after construction, the temple was abandoned and began to corrupt.

* 1 Renovation
* 2006 Earthquakes 2
* 3 Gallery
* 4 References
* 5 See also
* 6 External links

[edit] Renovation

In the year 1733, this temple was found by the CA. Lons a Dutch national, and in the year 1855 Jan Willem IJzerman start cleaning and moving some rocks and soil from the chambers of the temple. few moments later Isaac Groneman doing large-scale demolition and temple stones are piled haphazardly along the River Opak. In the year 1902-1903, Theodoor van Erp maintain a vulnerable section collapsed. In the years 1918-1926, followed by the Bureau of Antiquities (Oudheidkundige Dienst) under PJ Perquin in a more methodical and systematic, as known to his predecessors did removal and demolition of thousands of rock without thinking of the restoration efforts continue kembali.Pada year De Haan 1926 until his death in 1930. In the year 1931 was replaced by Ir. V.R. Van Remondt until the year 1942 and later handed over leadership of the renovation was to the son of Indonesia and it continued until the year 1993 [1].

Many parts of the renovated temple, using new stones, because the original stones were stolen many or reused elsewhere. A temple would be restored only if at least 75% of the original stone is still there. Therefore, many small temples are not rebuilt and it just seemed foundations.

Now, this temple is a protected site by UNESCO started in 1991. Among other things this means that the complex is shielded and has a special status, for example also in situations of war.

Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple in Southeast Asia, the main building height is 47m.

This temple complex consists of 8 major temple or temples and more than 250 small temples.

Three main temples called Trisakti and dedicated to the hyang Trimurti: Shiva the Destroyer Batara, Batara Vishnu the Preserver and Batara Brahma, the Creator.

Shiva temple in the middle, contains four rooms, one room in each direction of the wind. While the first contains a statue of Shiva Batara ten feet, the other three statues contain a smaller size, the statue of Durga, sakti or wife Batara Shiva, Agastya, teacher, and Ganesha, his son.

Durga is also known as Rara or Lara / Loro Jongrang (slender virgin) by the local population. For more details see the article Jonggrang East.

Two other temples dedicated to Vishnu Batara, who faced the north and the other Batara dedicated to Brahma, who is facing to the south. In addition there are several other small temples dedicated to the bull Nandi, Shiva's vehicle Batara, the swan, vehicle Batara Brahma, and the Garuda, Vishnu Batara vehicle.

Then relief around the edge of the temple twenty illustrate the epic Ramayana. The version described here is different from Kakawin Ramayana Javanese, but similar to the Ramayana story is revealed through oral traditions. Besides the temple complex is surrounded by more than 250 temples of varying size and called perwara. In the Prambanan temple complex there is also a museum that keeps history items, including the god Shiva Linga stone, a symbol kesuburun.
[edit] 2006 earthquake

On May 27, 2006 earthquake with the power of 5.9 on the Richter scale (while the United States Geological Survey reported the quake strength at 6.2 on the Richter scale) hit Bantul and surrounding areas. This earthquake caused great damage to many buildings and death in the population there. One of the buildings were badly damaged Prambanan temple complex, especially the Brahma Temple


Building Information
Locations near Magelang, Central Java
Indonesia City
Coordinates 7 ° 36'29 "S 110 ° 12'00" E / 7608 ° S 110.20 ° E / -7608; 110.20Koordinat: 7 ° 36'29 "S 110 ° 12'00" E / 7608 ° S 110.20 ° E / -7608; 110.20
Architect Gunadharma
800 Settlement TM
Type of stupas and temples

Borobudur is the name of a Buddhist temple located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java. Location of the temple is approximately 100 km in the south-west of Semarang and 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta. This temple was founded by the Mahayana Buddhists around the year 800 AD the dynasty during the reign of Sailendra.

Many theories attempt to explain the name of this temple. One of them states that the name is probably derived from the word Sambharabhudhara, which means "mountain" (bhudara) where the slopes are located terraces. In addition there are some other popular etymology. Suppose borobudur word comes from the word "the Buddha" is due to shift into borobudur sound. Another explanation is that the name comes from two words "coal" and "beduhur". Said coal said to have originated from the monastery, while there is also another explanation in which the coal comes from Sanskrit which means temple or monastery complex and beduhur meaning is "high", or to remind the Balinese language means "above". So the intention is a monastery or hostel located in the high ground.

Historians J.G. de Casparis in his dissertation to obtain his doctorate in 1950 argued that Borobudur is a place of worship. Based on the inscriptions and Kahulunan Karangtengah, Casparis estimates, founder of the Borobudur is the king of the dynasty named Samaratungga Syailendra around 824 AD The giant new buildings can be completed at the time of her daughter, Queen Pramudawardhani. Development of Borobudur estimated half-century time-consuming.

Borobudur berundak punden shape, which consists of six levels of a square, three-level circular and a circular main stupa as a peak. Also scattered in all levels-the levels several stupas.

Borobudur is a ten-story clearly illustrates the Mahayana school of philosophy. like a book, Borobudur describes ten Bodhisattva levels which must pass to reach the perfection of the Buddha.

The foot of Borobudur represents Kamadhatu, the world is still dominated by kama, or "low desire". This section is mostly covered by a pile of stone that allegedly made to strengthen the construction of the temple. In the closed structures have an additional 120 panels Kammawibhangga story. A small portion was set aside additional structure so that people can still see the relief in this section.

Four floors with walls above berelief by the experts called Rupadhatu. The floor is rectangular. Rupadhatu the world who have set themselves free from lust, but is still bound by the appearance and shape. This level represents the nature of that is, between nature and the natural bottom up. In part this Rupadhatu Buddha statues found on the wall niches above ballustrade or hallway.

Start fifth to the seventh floor of the walls not berelief. This level is called Arupadhatu (which means no tangible form or not). Circular floor plan. This level represents the nature of, where people are free from all desires and the bond forms and shapes, but have not reached nirvana. Buddha statues are placed in the stupa covered with holes as in a cage. From outside the statues were still dim.

Which describes the highest level being represented by the absence of a stupa, the largest and highest. Stupa described plain without the holes. In the largest stupa is a Buddha statue ever found in an imperfect or unfinished also called Buddha, which disalahsangkakan as Adibuddha statue, but through further research there has never been a statue at the main stupa, which was not completed sculpture was a mistake pemahatnya in the ancient times. according to the belief that one statue in the manufacturing process are not destroyed. Archaeological excavations conducted in this temple this page to find many statues like this.

In the past, several statues of Buddha along with the 30 stone reliefs, two lions, a few times-shaped stone, stairs and gates are sent to the King of Thailand, Chulalongkorn, who visited the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) in 1896 as a gift from the Dutch Government as that.

Borobudur has no worship spaces like the other temples. That there are long passages that are narrow streets. The hallways surrounding the walled temple level by level. In these corridors is expected Buddhist ritual walk around the temple to the right. The shape of the building without room and terraced structure is alleged is the development of berundak punden form, which is a form of original architecture from prehistoric Indonesia.

Borobudur structure when viewed from above form a mandala structure.

Borobudur structure does not use cement at all, but the Interlock system is like Lego blocks that can be attached without glue.

At every level carved reliefs on temple walls. These reliefs read as counter-clockwise or called mapradaksina the Old Javanese language derived from Sanskrit meaning is daksina the east. These reliefs variety of story content, among other reliefs Jataka stories.

Reading of the stories are always the starting relief, and ends on the east side of the gate at every level, starting on the left and right ends of the gate. So obviously that the east is the ladder up the real (main) and to the top of the temple, it means that the temple facing the east while the other sides of similar right.

The composition and distribution of stories on the wall reliefs and temple baluster fence is as follows.
Relief Chart
Level position / location Relief Story Number Frames
Legs original temple - ----- 160 frames Karmawibhangga
Level I - walls a. 120 frames Lalitawistara
------- - ----- B. Jataka / awadana 120 frames
------- - Ledge a. Jataka / awadana 372 frames
------- - ----- B. Jataka / awadana 128 frames
Level II - wall frame Gandawyuha 128
-------- - Ledge Jataka / awadana 100 frames
Level III - 88 frames Gandawyuha wall
-------- - 88 frames Gandawyuha ledge
Level IV - 84 frames Gandawyuha wall
-------- - 72 frames Gandawyuha ledge
1460 -------- -------- Number of frames

In sequence, the story of the temple reliefs meaningful briefly as follows:

One of the carvings on the walls Karmawibhangga Borobudur temple (the southeast corner of the floor 0)

In accordance with the symbolic meaning of the foot of the temple, reliefs that decorated the walls are covered shelf that illustrates the law of karma. Rows of relief is not a story series (series), but in each frame describes a story that has a causal correlation. Relief is not only give you an idea of human moral turpitude accompanied by penalties that will get, but also the human good deeds and reward. As a whole is a depiction of human life in the circle of birth - life - death (samsara) that never ends, and by the Buddhist tersebutlah chain which will be ended to to perfection.


History is a depiction of the Buddha in a row of relief (but not a complete history) which starts from the Buddha's descent from heaven Tusita, and ends with the first sermon in the Deer Park near the city of Banaras. These reliefs lined the stairs on the south side, after a row exceeded the relief of 27 frames starting from the east side of the stairs. The frame 27 described activity, both in heaven and on earth, in preparation to welcome the presence of the last incarnation as the candidate of the Bodhisattvas are Buddhist. Reliefs depicts the birth of the Buddha in this arcapada as Prince Siddhartha, son of the King and Queen Maya Suddhodana of State Kapilavastu. Relief amount to 120 frames, which ended with the first discourse, which is symbolically expressed as play Wheel of Dharma, the Buddha's teaching is called dharma also means "law", while represented as a wheel of dharma.

Jataka and Awadana

Jataka tales are stories of the Buddha before he was born as Prince Siddharta. Protrusion of the contents is the subject of good works, which distinguishes the Bodhisattvas from any other creature. Indeed, the collection service / good deed is a preparation stage in the level of effort towards the Buddhahood.

Awadana while basically similar to the Jataka but the culprit is not the Bodhisattvas, but other people and the stories collected in the book which means Diwyawadana sainthood noble deeds, and the book of a hundred stories Awadanasataka or Awadana. In the reliefs of Borobudur temple and awadana Jataka, treated the same, meaning they are in the same row without a distinguishable. The set of the most famous of the life of the Bodhisattvas is Jatakamala or strands Jataka stories, Aryasura and poet who lived in the 4th century AD.


Is a row of reliefs decorate the walls of the hall to-2, is the story of a wandering Sudhana tirelessly in his quest for knowledge about the Supreme Truth by Sudhana True. Description of the frame 460 based on Mahayana Buddhist scripture entitled Gandawyuha, and for the lid on the story of another Bhadracari.
[edit] Stages of development of Borobudur

* The first stage

Construction period is not known certainly Borobudur (estimated between 750 and 850 AD). Initially built-storey apartment layout. It seems designed as a pyramid berundak. but later changed. As evidence of stacking order dismantled.

* The second phase

Borobudur foundation widened, plus two square steps and one step directly circle given a large parent stupas.

* The third stage

Steps up the circle with a large main stupa dismantled and removed and replaced by three railroad circles. Stupas built on top of these steps with a large stupa in the middle.

* The fourth stage

There are small changes like making relief changes and curved stairs above the door.
[edit] Overview of time the process of restoration of Borobudur Temple
The first photograph of Borobudur in 1873. Flag of the Netherlands looked at the main stupa of the temple.

* 1814 - Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, Governor-General of the United Kingdom in Java, heard of the discovery of archaeological objects in the village of Borobudur. Raffles ordered H.C. Cornelius to investigate the discovery site, a hill covered with shrubs.

* 1873 - the first monograph published about the temple.

* 1900 - Dutch East Indies government established a committee of the restoration and maintenance of Borobudur temple.

* 1907 - Theodoor van Erp led the restoration until 1911.

* 1926 - Borobudur was restored again, but stopped in 1940 due to malaise and the crisis of World War II.

* 1956 - Indonesian government requested the assistance of UNESCO. Prof. Dr. C. Coremans came to Indonesia from Belgium to investigate the causes of damage to Borobudur.

* 1963 - Indonesian government issued a decree to restore Borobudur, but the mess after the event G-30-S.

* 1968 - at the conference-15 in France, UNESCO agreed to provide assistance to rescue Borobudur.

* 1971 - Indonesian government established a body chaired by the restoration of Borobudur Prof.Ir.Roosseno.

Restoration of the monument Borobudur temple with the help of UNESCO

* 1972 - International Consultative Committee was formed with the involvement of various countries and Roosseno as chairman. UNESCO-sponsored committees provide 5 million U.S. dollars from the cost of 7750 million dollar restoration of the United States. The rest covered Indonesia.

* August 10, 1973 - President Soeharto inaugurated the start of the restoration of Borobudur; restoration was completed in 1984

* January 21, 1985 - bomb attacks that destroyed some of the stupa at Borobudur Temple, it was soon restored. The attack carried out by an extreme Islamic group led by Habib Husein Ali Alhabsyi.

* 1991 - Borobudur designated as a UNESCO World Heritage.

Keraton Surakarta Hadiningrat

Or full of Surakarta in Java language called Surakarta Sultanate is Kasunanan Surakarta palace. This royal palace was founded by susuhunan Pakubuwono II (Sunan PB II) in the year 1744 as a replacement for the Palace / Palace Kartasura ravaged by Chinatown Geger 1743. Last palace of Mataram Kingdom was established in the village of Sala (Solo), a small port on the west bank of River (river) Concrete / Sala. After the official palace of the kingdom of Mataram was completed, the village name was changed to Surakarta Sultanate. This palace is also a mute witness to the transfer of sovereignty by the Sunan of Mataram Kingdom II New Testament to the Company in the year 1749. After Giyanti Treaty in 1755, the palace was later used as the official palace for Kasunanan Surakarta.

* Architectural Glory 1
o 1.1 Complex Lor Square / North
o 1.2 Complex and complex Sumewa Sasana Sitihinggil Lor / North
o 1.3 Complex Kemandungan Lor / North
o Complex Sri Manganti 1.4
o 1.5 Complex Kedhaton
1.6 o-complex Complex Magangan, and Sri Manganti, Kemandungan, and Sitihinggil Kidul (South)
* 2 Cultural Heritage (Cultural Heritage)
o 2.1 Garebeg
o 2.2 Sekaten
o 2.3 Night One Suro
o 2.4 Heritage (heirloom) and sacred dances
* 3 Stakeholder Traditional Javanese Surakarta
* 4 The struggle for the throne
* 5 philosophy and mythology surrounding the Palace
* 6 References
* 7 External links

[edit] Architectural Glory

Keraton (Palace) of Surakarta is one of the exotic buildings in his time. One architect of this palace is the Prince Mangkubumi (later the title of Sultan Hamengkubuwono I) which is also the main architect of Yogyakarta Palace. It is not surprising that the basic pattern of spatial structure are two palaces (Yogyakarta and Surakarta) have many common similarities. Surakarta as can be witnessed today was not built simultaneously in 1744-45, but was built in stages to maintain the basic pattern of spatial structure remains the same as initially. Development and restoration of the last major by susuhunan Pakubuwono X (Sunan PB X) who reigns 1893-1939. Most of this palace of white and shades of blue with a mixture of styles arsitekrur Java-European.

In general, the division of the palace include: Complex Square Lor / North, Sasana Sumewa Complex, Complex Sitihinggil Lor / North, Lor Kamandungan Complex / North, Sri Manganti Complex, Complex Kedhaton, Kamagangan Complex, Complex Srimanganti South / South (?) And Kemandungan South / South, and South and Sitihinggil Complex Square South. This palace complex is surrounded by baluwarti, a high stockade with three to five feet and four feet thick without a bridge. These walls enclose an area with a rectangular shape. Wide area measuring approximately five hundred meters long and about seven hundred meters. Palace complex that was in the wall is from Kemandungan Lor / Kemandungan North to the South / South. Both Sitihinggil complex and not square is surrounded by defensive walls.
[edit] Complex Lor Square / North

This complex includes Gladhag, Pangurakan, North Square, and the Great Mosque of Surakarta. Gladhag now known as the crossroads of Gladhag Solo Jalan Slamet Riyadi, in ancient times used as a place to tie the captured animals from the forest. The square is the place to be held royal ceremonies involving the people. In addition alunmenjadi square-king meeting place and its people. On the edge of the square of the banyan tree planted. In the middle there are two square square banyan trees (Ficus benjamina; Family Moraceae) is given the fence. Both trees are called Waringin Sengkeran (harifah: banyan caged) Dewodaru named and Joyodaru. In the west north of the square stands Agung Mosque (Masjid Raya) of Surakarta. This highway is a mosque official royal mosque and established by susuhunan Pakubuwono III (Sunan PB III) in the year 1750 (Kasunanan Surakarta is the Islamic empire). The main building consists of the foyer and the main mosque.
[edit] Complex and complex Sumewa Sasana Sitihinggil Lor / North

Sumewa Sasana is the main building at the forefront of Surakarta. This place used his time as a place for facing the retainer (middle to top officials) in a royal ceremony. In this complex there are a number of them in the cannon named Kyai Kyai Pancawura or Broom Universe. The cannon was made in the reign of Sultan Agung. To the south there Sumewa Sasana Sitihinggil complex.

Sitihinggil is a complex built on higher ground than surrounding areas. This complex has two gates, one called the north by Kori Wijil and one south of the so-called Kori Renteng. In the north Sitihinggil stairs there is a stone that is used as a place Trunajaya beheadings called Pamecat Selo.

The main building at the complex Sewayana Sasana Sitihinggil is used by the authorities in the kingdom to attend the ceremony. In addition there Manguntur Tangkil Ward, where the throne susuhunan, and Ward Witono, where the greatness of the kingdom of Heritage mortuary during the ceremony. Ward the latter has a small building in the middle called Krobongan Bale Manguneng, where the mortuary palace heritage Setomi Kangjeng Nyai, a cannon that allegedly seized by soldiers from the VOC of Mataram when invaded Batavia. Outer side of the east-south-west of the complex is Sitihinggil public roads that can be taken by people who called Supit Urang (literally = claw shrimp).
[edit] Complex Kemandungan Lor / North
Kori Kamandungan seen from the direction of Lor Kemandungan pages with Bale and the stage in front Roto Buwana Sangga towering in the background.

Kori Brajanala (brojonolo) or clamp Kori is the main entrance gate from the north to the north Kemandungan page. This gate and the gate cepuri (in the palace complex which is surrounded by the walls of the palace called baluwarti) which connects the road with sapit urang in the palace yard. This gate was built by susuhunan Pakubuwono III Tinandu Semar style. On the right side and the left (west and east) from the inside Brajanala Kori Ward Wisomarto where there are guards guard. In addition to the east of this gate there is the bell tower. In the midst of this complex there is only a blank page. The building contained in this complex at the edge of the page. From this page also can be seen a magnificent tower called Sangga Buwana Stage (Stage Songgo Buwono) located in the next complex, Kompleks Sri Manganti.
[edit] Complex Sri Manganti

To enter this complex from the north must pass through a gate called Kori Kamandungan. In front of the right and left side of the gate and the blue shades of white there are two statues. On the right side and left side of the door have a large mirror and above there is a decoration consisting of weapons and flags are a symbol of royal ditengahnya. This decoration is called Bendero Gulo Klopo. In Sri page Manganti there are two main buildings west side Smarakatha Ward and Ward Marcukundha in the east.

Ward Smarakatha contemporaries used to facing the middle to upper staff with the rank of Regent Lebet up. This place is also a place of acceptance of promotion of senior officials. Now this place used to practice dancing and a performer. Marcukundha ward of the time used for soldiers facing the officers, for promotion junior employees and officials, as well as a place to drop the penalty for relatives king. Now this place to store Krobongan Madirenggo, a place for the ceremony of circumcision / kitan Susuhunan sons.

On the southwest side of the ward there is a Marcukundha octagonal tower called the Stage Sangga Buwana. Tower height of about three dozen meters are actually located in two pages at a time, pages and pages of Sri Manganti Kedhaton. However, the main door is located on page Kedhaton.
[edit] Complex Kedhaton

Kori Sri Manganti a door to enter the complex from the north Kedhaton. The gate was built by susuhunan Pakubuwono IV in 1792 is referred to as the Kori Agung. This building has a close connection with Buwana Sangga Pangung philosophically. Door that has a style Tinandu Semar is used to wait for the official guests of the kingdom. The right and left door has a mirror and a decoration above the door. Page Kedhaton covered with black sand from the south coast and covered by a variety of rare trees such as tree trunks 76 kecik Chrysophyllum (Manilkara kauki; Family Sapotaceae). Also this page is also decorated with statues of European style. This complex has a main building of which is Sasana Sewaka, nDalem Ageng Prabasuyasa, Sasana Handrawina, and Stage Sangga Buwana.

Sewaka Sasana originally a heritage building pendapa Kartasura palace. This place has experienced a fire in 1985. In this building also susuhunan enthroned in ceremonies such as royal grandeur and Garebeg king's birthday. In the west Sasana have Parasdya Sasana, a peringgitan. In the west there Parasdya Sasana Prabasuyasa Ageng nDalem. This place is the core and most important buildings from around the Sultanate of Surakarta. This is where buried treasures, heritage and also the throne of the king who became a symbol of the kingdom. At this location is also a king swore when he began to reign before the coronation Sitihinggil before audiences in the north.

The next building is Handrawina Sasana. This place used for official royal banquet. This building is now used As with the seminar and gala dinner of foreign visitors who come to the city of Solo. Another major building is Sangga Buwana stage. The tower was used as a place of meditation as well as to oversee susuhunan castle VOC / Dutch East Indies who was not far from the palace. The building has five floors that are also used to see the position of the moon to determine the beginning of a month. At the top of the roof top ornament is constructed that represents the year the oldest towers in the city of Surakarta.

Kedhaton complex west of the place closed to the general public and forbidden to be published so as not many know the truth. This region is the official residence of the king and royal family are still used today.
[edit] Complex-complex Magangan, and Sri Manganti, Kemandungan, and Sitihinggil Kidul (South)

Magangan complex formerly used by the civil service candidates. In this place there is a pendapa in the middle of the page. Two subsequent complex, Sri Manganti South / Kemandungan South and South / South is a page that is used during the funeral ceremony the king and queen. Final complex, including Sitihinggil south plaza south, has a small building. This complex is now used to maintain the heritage of the palace of an albino buffalo called Kyai Slamet.
[edit] Cultural Heritage (Cultural Heritage)
The guests at the event to the great Pisowanan four Tingalan Dalem Agung Jumenengan SISKS. Pako Boewono XIII

In addition to the grandeur of Surakarta building also has a cultural heritage is priceless. Diantarannya is customary ceremonies, sacred dances, music, and heritage (heirloom). Famous traditional ceremony is the ceremony Garebeg, Sekaten ceremony, and ceremony Night One Suro. Ceremony from the Empire era to the present continue to be implemented and an Indonesian cultural heritage that must be protected from foreign claims.
[edit] Garebeg

Garebeg ceremony was held three times in one calendar year / calendar Java, on the date Mulud twelve months (three months), the date one month Sawal (tenth month) and date of ten months (twelve months). On the day the king issued on charity as the embodiment of gratitude to God for the prosperity of the kingdom. This charity, which called Hajad Dalem, a pareden / mountain that consists of mountains and mountain kakung estri (male and female).

Kakung mound shaped like a cone with a severed upper end slightly rounded. Most of these mountains consist of a bean vegetable green coupled with chili, duck eggs, and some other dried food supplies. On the right side and left the circuit fitted with an Indonesian flag in a small size. Estri mound shaped like a basket full of flower bouquets. Largely composed of dry food made from rice or sticky rice shaped like a circle and pointed. This mound is also decorated with small flags next to Indonesia it.
[edit] Sekaten

Sekaten is a royal ceremony is held for seven days. It is said the origin of this ceremony since the kingdom of Demak. This ceremony is actually a celebration of the birthday of Prophet Muhammad. According to folklore Sekaten word derived from the credo of Islam, Syahadatain. Sekaten begins with two sets of exit Sekati gamelan, Kyai Kyai Guntursari Gunturmadu and, from the palace to be placed in front of the Great Mosque of Surakarta. For six days, starting the sixth day until the eleventh month in the calendar Mulud Javanese gamelan both devices is played / sounded (Jw: beating) marks the celebration sekaten. Finally on the seventh day of the ceremony closed with the exit Mount Mulud. Currently in addition to such traditional ceremony also held a night market that began a month before the solemnization of the real sekaten.
[edit] Night One Suro

Night one suro in Javanese society is a celebration of the new year according to the Javanese calendar. The night began to fall one suro sunset on the last day of last month Javanese calendar (30/29 Big) until the rising sun on the first day of the first month of next year (1 Suro). In Surakarta was commemorated with a ceremony Mubeng Beteng Parade (parade Around the Castle Palace). This ceremony begins Kemandungan complex Brojonolo north through the gate and then around the entire area of the palace in the direction opposite the direction of rotation clockwise and ends at the north Kemandungan pages. In this procession heritage palace became the main part and is positioned in the front row and then followed by the lords court, the employees and ultimately the community. A unique is placed in the vanguard of a flock of heirloom albino buffalo named Kyai Slamet is always the center of public attention.
[edit] Heritage (heirloom) and sacred dances
Sacred Dance Ketawang Bedhoyo

Surakarta has a number of collections including the royal heritage of the king's throne, gamelan music devices and the collection of weapons. Among the collection is the gamelan Kyai Kyai Gunturmadu Guntursari and that only played / sounded at the time Sekaten ceremony. In addition to the heritage of Surakarta palace also has traditional dancing performed only at certain ceremonies. For example, sacred dance is performed Ketawang Bedaya at King's crowning moment.
[edit] Stakeholder Traditional Javanese Surakarta

Surakarta palace was originally the Palace Institute (Imperial House) in charge of the king and the royal family as well as its administrative capital of Surakarta kesunanan. After kesunanan declared Surakarta Indonesia removed by the government in 1946, the role of Surakarta palace is no more a particular Java Indigenous Stakeholder lines / Surakarta style. Similarly susuhunan no longer play a role in affairs of state as a king dala political sense but rather as Throne of Lord Stakeholder Traditional, informal leaders of culture. Function palace was turned into protectors and guardians of cultural identity, especially Java, Surakarta style. Despite the limited functions in the informal sector but the Surakarta palace still has its own charm in the Java community, especially in the former regions of Surakarta kesunanan. In addition Surakarta court also gave honorary knighted (honoriscausa) to those who have the attention to culture, especially Javanese Surakarta in addition to eligible because of blood relationship or because of their position as an employee (servant) palace.
[edit] Struggle for the throne

After the death of Sri Pakubuwono XII on June 11, 2004, occurred throne between Prince Hangabehi (first son) Prince Tejowulan view, each of whom declared themselves as Pakubuwana XIII. hangabehi feel has the legitimacy to the throne because he was the son of the first man, while arguing that Tejowulan Pakubuwono XII had declared in writing that will replace Tejowulanlah. This conflict is not over and is at the status quo.
[edit] Philosophy and the mythology surrounding the Palace

Each name and ceremonial buildings, building form and ceremonial objects, the location of buildings, as well as a ceremonial procession in the palace has significance or meaning of each philosophy. But it was a pity that meanings are not many who know and less attention. Some of them will be shown in the following paragraphs.

Large mirror on the right and left Kori Kemadungan mengadung meaning introspection. The name itself comes from Kemandungan Mandung words that have meaning to stop. The name comes from Marcukundha ward Marcu word which means fire and that means kundho container / place, so Marcukundho symbolizes a prayer / hope. The stage tower is a symbol Sangga Buwana Linga and Kori Sri Manganti the west side is a symbol of Yoni. Linga-Yoni symbol in Javanese society is believed to be a symbol of fertility. In Garebeg ceremony known as a charity in the form of mountain king. Mound represents charity mountainous.

In addition Surakarta palace also has a mystical and myth and legend that developed in the community. Like the meaning of the lost philosophy, mysticism and myth and legend of the program is increasingly disappearing. As one example is the belief some people in the mountains fighting Garebeg. They believe parts of the mountains can bring good luck in the form of either financial or otherwise.

In addition there are legends about the age of Surakarta Nagari. When the palace was completed came a prediction that the kingdom of Surakarta will only prevail over two hundred years. After two hundred years the king's power will only be as wide as the flowering of an umbrella (Jw: cooking curry megare umbrella). Legend of the program seemed to get ratification by the fact happened. If the placement is calculated from the palace officially on 1745 / 6 then two hundred years later in 1945 Indonesia's independence Kesusnanan power actually declined. A year later in 1946 Surakarta kesunanan really susuhunan removed and power is completely discharged and only the close relatives only.
READ MORE - Keraton Surakarta Hadiningrat